Insufficient voting machines and poll workers mean long lines on Election Day.
Long lines make voting harder.
And you can pretty much predict which Americans deal with that extra hassle by looking at the racial makeup of neighborhoods.
While it's widely discussed that laws requiring voter identification can suppress minority votes, having the proper ID isn't the end of the battle when it comes to giving everyone an equal chance to cast a ballot. Even voters who obtain the required identification (which is easier said than done, especially if money is tight or you've just learned of your state's new requirements) have no way of getting past an excessively long line, and thus no way of getting around this outrageous Election Day racial disparity.
Mother Jones' Stephanie Mencimer pulled together some data on the inadequate machines and long lines in places where non-white voters live. In 2012, black Americans waited an average of 23 minutes to vote, Hispanics waited 19 minutes, and white people waited 12 minutes.
Here are just a few examples of these voting inequalities, according to Mencimer:
The full article lists several more specific instances in which white voters have had it easier at the polls than black and Hispanic voters. The reasons for the disparities aren't clear — Mencimer wrote that there's no evidence of an actual scheme to keep voters in predominantly black and Latino areas that tend to vote Democratic from the polls. But that doesn't make them any less troubling.