Moscow police arrested more than 1,300 people Saturday in a violent crackdown on anti-Kremlin protests led by supporters of opposition party candidates barred from running for Moscow’s city council.
A total of 1,373 people were arrested by police Saturday according to the political monitoring group OVD-Info; Moscow police put the number at above 1,000. Most of those arrested were released Saturday, but roughly 150 remained in custody as of Sunday.
Police used truncheons to beat back protesters around the mayor’s office in central Moscow, resulting in reports of broken bones and head wounds among the demonstrators. The US Embassy in Moscow said Sunday that the strong response represented “use of disproportionate police force.”
Putin critic and opposition leader Alexei Navalny had called for the protest Saturday in response to the Moscow election authorities blocking 30 opposition candidates from appearing on the city council ballot. City authorities said the opposition candidates had failed to provide the necessary 5,000 signatures to run for office.
Saturday’s protest followed one held during the previous week, when 20,000 people gathered to protest the blocking of opposition leaders within the council.
Ella Pamfilova, head of the electoral commission, said the protests would not lead to the commission reversing its decision: “It doesn’t matter, not even a bit of it,” she said. Council elections will be held as planned on September 8.
Navalny was arrested Wednesday and sentenced to 30 days in jail for calling for the protest, which Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin said posed a “security threat” given that it had not been authorized by city officials.
Navalny was hospitalized Sunday due a severe allergic reaction that caused “severe swelling of the face and redness of the skin,” said his spokeswoman, Kira Yarmysh. Navalny had not previously suffered from allergies, Yarmysh said. He remains in custody.
While police estimated that 3,500 people had answered Navalny’s call Saturday, footage analyzed by the Associate Press showed numbers closer to 8,000. Hundreds of the mostly young protesters gathered at the mayor’s office shouting, “Russia will be free!” and in marches in other parts of the city, people directly criticized President Vladimir Putin, chanting, “Putin is a thief!”
Petrovka, one of Moscow’s most upscale streets has been blocked now with protesters chanting “Putin is a thief” pic.twitter.com/GePZypIUrr— Ivan Nechepurenko (@INechepurenko) July 27, 2019
For his part, Putin was in St. Petersburg Saturday presiding over a Navy Day parade featuring 43 ships and 4,000 troops.
“There are a lot of problems on Earth, so to diminish their amount one has to go up and deep down,” Putin said.
The protests began after opposition candidates were disqualified in an upcoming Moscow election
The 45-seat Moscow City Authority adopts the budget for the city’s 12.5 million residents and also passes municipal laws. Every seat is up for reelection in an upcoming September 8 vote.
A number of candidates opposed to Putin’s United Russia party prepared to run for seats and worked to meet changing requirements to get on ballots when council authorities increased the number of signatures needed to appear on the ballot to 5,000.
The signature requirement was meant to discourage support for the opposition candidates, Vladimir Kara-Murza, an anti-Kremlin politician, wrote in an op-ed for the Washington Post.
“The task was made more formidable not only by logistical challenges in the midst of vacation season,” Kara-Murza wrote. “But also because each signature on the petition means volunteering one’s personal information for the government’s database of opposition supporters.”
Most of the candidates met the requirement. But in their review of the opposition candidates’ signatures, election officials said they found irregularities ranging from misspelled names to incorrect identification numbers. Members of the opposition accused the officials of adding the mistakes to their forms. The candidates were nevertheless barred from appearing on official ballots.
In response, Navalny said during an address to supporters, “I am proposing a peaceful public compromise: either you register every candidate, or next Saturday we will gather for a rally at Moscow City Hall!”
The candidates were not registered, and the protesters gathered at city hall. Navalny, having been arrested for organizing the protest, was unable to join them.
Dmitry Gudkov, another prominent member of the opposition, wrote on Twitter that the arrest and response to the protests meant that “the last illusion that we are able to participate legally in politics has disappeared.”
Opposition leaders push for more protests, but they may have limited effectiveness
Opposition leaders see this moment as a chance to loosen Putin’s strong grip on Russian politics. They have called for continued protests and have said they will continue to advocate for a change to the Moscow ballots.
A spokesperson for the Kremlin’s human rights commission, which is investigating the protests, called continued demonstrations a “road to nowhere.”
And pressure is mounting on opposition leaders. Police have raided opposition leaders’ homes as well as the offices of Dozhd TV, an independent broadcaster that had lifted its paywall in order to cover the protests.
Police also confiscated computers from Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Fund and Gudkov was arrested as he brought food to detained protesters.
Too, some commentators have said they believe the protests will ultimately hurt the opposition’s ends, particularly if voters boycott elections to show support for opposition candidates who do not appear on ballots.
“Young opposition supporters will not come to the polls, while the older generation whom the authorities are counting on vote out of habit,” Denis Volkov of the Levada Center told BBC News.
And Tatyana Stanovaya, a Carnegie Moscow Center analyst, told the Independent she doesn’t see Putin’s government yielding to protesters no matter how large demonstrations grow.
“Putin has made it clear that there will be no concessions to the unsanctioned opposition,” Sanovaya said. “He doesn’t consider them politicians. He thinks they are westernized gangsters trying to take over the state.”