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The 4 most important stories in politics this week

What you need to know.

U.S. House Minority Leader Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) comes out from the House chamber after her 8-hour long speech on immigration at the Capitol February 7, 2018 in Washington, DC. Pelosi exercised her power as minority leader and launched a filibuster-lik
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) delivered a record-breaking 8-hour speech on immigration.
Alex Wong/Getty Images

Life is rarely dull in Washington these days, and this week was no exception, with major bipartisan legislation on fiscal policy playing out against the backdrop of yet another massive scandal involving multiple senior Trump administration officials.

The disjoint between the Trump Show and the outbreak of comity in Congress is a reminder of one of the fundamental dynamics of Trump’s Washington: Most of the political system keeps on operating even when the president of the United States is completely disengaged and focused on other things, as he was this week.

Here’s what you need to know.

The government shut down for six hours

Senate leaders struck a deal to keep the government open, but the terms of the deal weren’t finalized until shortly before the shutdown deadline. That meant Sen. Rand Paul could singlehandedly slow things down enough to force a six-hour shutdown until the votes could be taken.

Sen. Rand Paul (center) (R-KY) takes a brief break from the floor of the US Senate to pose for a photo with Rep. Justin Amash (left) (R-MI) and Rep. Thomas Massie (right) (R-KY).
Win McNamee/Getty Images
  • Spending is back: Paul’s core objection (in which he’s joined by some other conservatives) is that the centerpiece of the deal is a $300 billion increase in government spending over the next two years, split roughly in half between military and nonmilitary programs.
  • Smooth sailing in the Senate: Despite the antics, the bill sailed to an easy 71-28 margin in the Senate. The larger issue was in the House, where many safe-seat Democrats were angry about a not strictly related immigration issue.
  • House progressives are grumpy: Given some conservative defections, passing the bill in the House required Democratic votes, and many Democrats felt the party should have stuck to its previous commitment to block government funding bills unless they got concessions on some kind of fix for DACA recipients. In the end, enough Dems voted yes for the bill to pass 240-186.

What the bill actually does

The legislation’s main impact is to lift spending caps that were imposed back in 2013 under the Budget Control Act, which resulted from the 2011 debt ceiling standoff and the failure of the “supercommittee” to achieve a grand bargain on deficit reduction.

US Secretary of Defense James Mattis (L) and US Vice President Mike Pence (C) listen while US President Donald Trump speaks to the press before a meeting in the Pentagon January 18, 2018 in Washington, DC.
Secretary of Defense James Mattis (left) and Vice President Mike Pence listen while President Trump speaks to the press before a meeting in the Pentagon on January 18, 2018.
Bfrendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images
  • A huge boost in military spending: The biggest change, by far, is a massive $160 billion increase in the Pentagon’s budget that will go to new equipment and more intense training to address the brass’s concern about their “readiness” to fight new wars.
  • A domestic policy smorgasbord: On the non-defense front, highlights are extensions of the Children’s Health Insurance Program and community health centers, boosts for the Child Care Development Block Grant, $80 billion in disaster relief, $2 billion for the National Institutes of Health, and $6 billion in opioid treatment.
  • What’s next: Lifting the budget caps sets the table, at least in theory, for the passage of a series of normal appropriations bills that will give government agencies more ability to plan for the medium term than the continuing resolutions that have mostly funded the government recently.

DREAMers in the balance

Starting last fall, the spending issue started getting tied into immigration policy — originally because the White House wanted wall-building money. Then Trump canceled the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, and Democrats briefly rallied around the idea of insisting on some kind of DACA fix as part of a budget deal. Leadership ultimately abandoned that position, and the immigration issue remains outstanding.

WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 07:  Immigration activists conduct an act of civil disobediance in the rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building on February 7, 2018 in Washington D.C. A coalition of activists from across the U.S. staged the demonstration to
Immigration activists protest in the rotunda of the Russell Senate Office Building on February 7, 2018. A coalition of activists from across the US staged the demonstration to pressure Congress to pass legislation protecting DREAMers as part of federal budget negotiations.
John Moore/Getty Images
  • A limited hostage release: One way to think about the past few months is that Trump took the DREAMers hostage to get a wall, then Democrats took government funding hostage to get a DACA fix, and then Republicans took CHIP hostage to get government funding. Over the past two rounds of dealmaking, we’ve seen many of those hostages released, and immigration is now a standalone issue.
  • It’s not about the wall anymore: The problem is that the White House has now clarified that the wall is not good enough for them. They are willing to agree to a fairly generous path to citizenship for DREAMers, but only in exchange for sweeping changes to the US immigration system that include huge cuts in legal immigration.
  • The Senate is going to do ... something: The one piece of progress is that Mitch McConnell has agreed to allow an unusually open and unstructured debate on immigration legislation next week, one that crams together a bunch of different topics and could potentially offer a path forward, though the odds don’t look great.

Another senior White House official resigned in disgrace

White House staff secretary Rob Porter resigned in disgrace after multiple allegations of domestic violence against ex-wives surfaced, and that’s only the beginning of the political scandal.

WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 2: White House Staff Secretary Rob Porter watches as President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting with North Korean defectors in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, DC on Friday, Feb. 02, 2018. President Donald Tr
White House staff secretary Rob Porter watches as President Trump speaks during a meeting with North Korean defectors in the Oval Office on February 2, 2018.
Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post via Getty Images
  • John Kelly and others knew: It turns out White House Chief of Staff John Kelly and other senior officials were aware of the allegations for some time and dumped Porter not when they found out but only when the public did.
  • Porter had no security clearance: Specifically, the FBI knew about the allegations and on those grounds had denied Porter a security clearance — a serious problem for someone whose main job is controlling the flow of paper in and out of the Oval Office.
  • What’s next? Porter is dating White House communications director Hope Hicks and was a major ally of Kelly’s, so his downfall and the evidence of a multi-layered cover-up threatens the jobs of other senior Trump officials. On the other hand, no congressional Republicans seem interested in investigating any aspect of any of this.