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The typography fix that could have stopped the Oscars Best Picture blunder


There was a major twist ending and a major snafu at the very end of the 2017 Academy Awards for the category of Best Picture. The wrong winner was declared. If you look back on the footage and analyze it, you could read on presenter Warren Beatty’s face that something was not right just before the Best Picture winner was announced.

Let’s quickly review the second-by-second timeline of what happened:

  1. Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway come out to present Best Picture, but are wrongly given the envelope for Best Actress instead.
  2. Beatty reads the card, then stops for a moment to read it again to be sure (which the audience thinks is supposed to be comical). He even checks to see if there’s anything else in the envelope.
  3. He then proceeds to show Dunaway the card with a facial expression that likely reads, “Is this right?”
  4. Before he can say anything to her, Dunaway automatically reads the card (it looks like she didn’t fully read it), and announces the wrong winner.
  5. A mistake happens that has never happened in the Oscars’ 88-year history.

I would imagine there are multiple redundancies so that something like this does not happen  —  especially at the Oscars! But there’s one thing the Academy possibly didn’t consider, or forgot, for this year’s winner cards: typography.

“Typography is the art and technique of arranging type to make written language legible, readable, and appealing when displayed. — Wikipedia

Here’s the original screenshot of the Best Picture winner’s card, which breaks a lot of the rules I just quoted:

Original televised screenshot. © ABC

First, it’s legible and you can tell all the letters apart. Second, it’s somewhat readable, but the visual weight of “Moonlight” and the producers are equal and blend together. Lastly, even though it is just a winner’s card, it’s not visually appealing. I think it’s fair to say it’s objectively bland.

Based on that card design, I’ve reconstructed the card Beatty and Dunaway would’ve seen, the one they received:

Reconstruction of the card that Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway received
© benjamin bannister

That’s horrible typography. I will emphasize that again: horrible. Or, to be nicer, not good. Look at it again. Of course anyone could’ve made the same honest error!

The words “Best Actress” are on there  —  at the very bottom  —  in small print.

You are on television with millions of people around the world watching. You are a little nervous, and you have to read a card. You will most likely read it from top to bottom without questioning whether the card is right. That look on Beatty’s face was, “This says ‘Emma Stone’ on it.” Dunaway must’ve skipped that part and was caught up in the excitement and just blurted out, “La La Land.”

I don’t blame Dunaway or Beatty for this. This was the fault of two entities: whoever was in charge of the design of the winning cards (Was it really a design? C’mon.) and the unfortunate person who handed them the wrong envelope.

A clearly designed card and envelope (don’t even get me started on that gold-on-red envelope) would have prevented this.

Here are the main three things wrong with the winner cards in general:

  1. We all know this is the Oscars, but the logo doesn’t need to be at the top of the card.
  2. The category, Best Actress, is on the bottom, in small print.
  3. The winner’s name, the main thing that should be read, is the same size as the second line and given equal weight.

Now let’s imagine an alternate timeline in which the presenters were given this modified version of the wrong card:

© benjamin bannister

It may not seem like much to a regular person, but changing the sizing, positioning, and weight of the text makes a big difference. A big enough difference that this embarrassing mistake could’ve been prevented.

Let’s analyze the differences between the original card and my modified card with a side-by-side comparison of subtle yet important changes.

Left: Original televised screenshot © ABC; right: © benjamin bannister

Here’s what should’ve been changed based on the three critiques I just made:

  1. The logo doesn’t need to be at the top of this card. Everyone knows it’s the Oscars. We move the Oscars logo to the bottom where it’s least important in this context.
  2. The award category, Best Actress, is moved to the top so that it’s the first thing anyone sees and reads. There is no confusion what the category is because it’s clearly stated first.
  3. Emma Stone’s name is bigger than the title, La La Land, because she is the winner of this category. The winner should be the most emphasized thing on the card, with all other information, like the film’s title, in a smaller or thinner font. (I understand that the text can only be so big so as to have a consistent look for all the cards, while accommodating longer names.)

That’s it. That’s all the designer needed to do. Those three things. I guess hiring a card designer wasn’t in the budget this year.

With a modified card, even if the presenters had gotten the wrong one, none of this would have happened because the presenters would’ve looked at it and one of two things would’ve happened: Their eyes would’ve read “Best Actress” or “Emma Stone.” Reading either of those would indicate that this wasn’t the card for Best Picture, and they would’ve asked Jimmy Kimmel or a producer to the stage to get it corrected.

The card needed to be written and designed in a way that makes it clear to the reader only the essential information.

As a creator, the importance of typography is an absolute skill to know, and people  —  not just designers — should consider learning it. Typography can be immensely helpful when writing a résumé that’s well-structured, creating a report that looks exciting, designing a website with an intuitive hierarchy  —  and definitely for designing awards show winner cards.

And lastly, to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, I would like to submit my design template for the 90th Academy Awards winner card (my commission fee is more than reasonable). The card is clean and easy to read for any presenter, with only relevant information. Even the words “The Oscars” don’t need to be on there (fewer words to read). The statue graphic works fine.

And a big congratulations to Moonlight for winning Best Picture!

© benjamin bannister
© benjamin bannister

benjamin bannister is a creative consultant for old and new media. Caught between two generations and with his diverse upbringing and experiences, he channels that into creating things he hopes the world will love. Find him on Twitter @mrbenbannister.

This article was originally published on Medium.

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Watch: Moonlight wins Best Picture in a chaotic scene