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Work is broken. Can we fix it?

The Future of Work issue of the Highlight looks at the workers Americans dubbed “essential” and then largely left behind in the work revolution. Can we make work better for the nation’s crucial workforce?

Eiko Ojala for Vox

“We often begin to understand things only after they break down. This is why, in addition to being a worldwide catastrophe, the pandemic has been a large-scale philosophical experiment,” Jonathan Malesic, author of The End of Burnout: Why Work Drains Us and How to Build Better Lives, writes in this month’s issue of the Highlight.

What has broken down, of course, is work, and what American workers, policymakers, and employers now can see plainly are the countless truths the pandemic laid bare: that productivity does not actually require an air-polluting, hourlong daily drive to a soulless downtown office building; that a fair and just society ought not put the poorest, most vulnerable Americans in danger in the name of capitalism; that the entire economy might just be held together by a rapidly dwindling sea of people — child care workers — earning roughly $13 an hour, with no benefits.

In this month’s Future of Work issue, the Highlight and Recode teamed up to explore the precarity faced by those workers whom the Great Resignation did not offer much in the way of increased power or security. We look beyond simply what is broken about their working lives, asking policy experts and workers themselves: What could make work better?

In our cover story, Rani Molla and Emily Stewart talk to those whose jobs, in this supposedly revolutionary time for worker power, haven’t changed for the better. For many who don’t have the luxury of working from home — farmers, food servers, truck drivers, teachers, home health aides, housekeepers, bank tellers, and others — slightly higher wages are masking more difficult and dangerous working conditions they expect will only continue into the so-called future of work.

The pandemic also showed Americans just how reliant the economy is on child care, and how incredibly fragile that industry is. Turnover is high. Making ends meet is impossible. The very people who need child care to allow them to work often are those without the means to afford it. Vox shadows one care worker over the course of a day that proves both joyful and exhausting in order to better understand the work that ensures other Americans can do their jobs.

Though Malesic has become a well-known voice calling for an overhaul of work — he’s called it a “bad bargain” for many — he has found, perhaps surprisingly, that many Americans want to find their jobs meaningful, even if that meaning has lately come with stress and exploitation. In this issue, he explores what it might take to create a future in which we aren’t so reliant on work to live and could instead be freed to derive satisfaction from it.

Perhaps no employer in the past 50 years has transformed consumer expectations quite like e-commerce giant Amazon. Those changes have begun shifting what work is like, too, not only for the 1.1 million people Amazon directly employs, but also for its vast network of contractors — and for people working for the many companies that want to emulate Amazon’s methods for making its workforce and workflows hyper-efficient.

Finally, the Future of Work issue looks at Gen Z and its penchant for fearlessly posting about capitalism, labor, and employer behavior online, and we ask journalist and author Eyal Press about the nation’s worst, most exploitative jobs and just how complicit the rest of us are when others must do our “dirty work” for us.


A mirror reflection shows the same woman, one young and one older, mopping a checkered floor. In the background a french fry container transitions from red to blue and has a circuit board pattern on it. Michelle Kondrich for Vox

What if the future of work is exactly the same?

For many, the gains in worker pay and power during the pandemic are fading fast — if they even saw them at all.

By Rani Molla and Emily Stewart


Tim Tai for Vox

When your job helps the rest of America work

Why so many are giving up on child care work and what it will mean for everyone else.

By Anna North


An illustration of a scene in which workers such as servers and grocery store workers are enjoying their work and labor appears to be rewarding, rather than draining. Mojo Wang for Vox

What it would take to make us love our jobs again

Recognizing that many of us find purpose in what we do is a good start.

By Jonathan Malesic


A drawing of a city with buildings made of Amazon boxes is in the background, while in the foreground Amazon workers toil around conveyor belts. One person is asleep on one of the conveyors with a sign taped to their back which reads, ‘wake me in five.’ Lindsay Mound for Vox

The Amazonification of the American workforce

The e-commerce giant’s labor issues expose the complicated truth about getting what we want when we want it.

By Jason Del Rey


An illustration of a woman, holding a cell phone up to her face while wearing a work hat with microphone headset. We see in her head that she’s thinking about being at home on her couch with her cat and computer. Bea Hayward for Vox

Gen Z does not dream of labor

On TikTok and online, the youngest workers are rejecting work as we know it. How will that play out IRL?

By Terry Nguyen


Sandy Huffaker/AFP via Getty Images

What does it mean to take America’s “jobs of last resort”?

Author Eyal Press on the nation’s most morally troubling labor — and why many refuse to acknowledge it.

By Jamil Smith

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