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The far right is falsely blaming antifa for the pro-Trump insurrection on Capitol Hill

Conspiracy theories alleging antifa involvement spread quickly in the riot’s aftermath.

A crowd of people at a pro-Trump rally, waving flags and wearing MAGA hats.
A mob of Trump supporters gather outside the US Capitol building following a “Stop the Steal” rally.
Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Just hours after right-wing pro-Trump insurrectionists stormed the Capitol in Washington, DC, Republican Rep. Paul Gosar of Arizona was already spreading a baseless conspiracy theory that antifa had provoked the chaos.

By that evening, two more congressional Republicans had joined him. First, Alabama Rep. Mo Brooks, who told Lou Dobbs that while there could have been “some” Trump supporters, it also “could be any other number of groups, anarchists or what have you.”

Then, to audible boos on the floor of the House of Representatives, Florida Rep. Matt Gaetz said he had “some pretty compelling evidence from a facial recognition company showing that some of the people that breached the Capitol today were not Trump supporters, they were masquerading as Trump supporters and in fact were members of the violent terrorist group, antifa.”

BuzzFeed News reported that XRVision (the facial recognition company Gaetz is citing) calls this argument “completely false,” saying that they in fact had “identified two members of neo-Nazi organizations and a QAnon supporter among the pro-Trump mob — not Antifa members.”

Earlier Wednesday, thousands of participants of a “Save America” rally marched from the park near the White House to the Capitol steps and forced their way past police into the building. Animated by the false belief that the election had been stolen from President Donald Trump and encouraged by the man himself — as well as a host of Republicans, including Sens. Josh Hawley and Ted Cruz, who were leading the effort to oppose the Electoral College count meant to have gone on Wednesday — the Trump supporters entered the building.

They broke windows, attacked police officers, and ultimately stalled the business of the day: acknowledging the reality of President-elect Joe Biden’s victory.

Conspiracies about the whole exhibition being a false-flag operation — an act committed with the intent to disguise the perpetrator and cast blame on someone else — run by antifa spread quickly on Twitter and Reddit. But Gosar was the first federally elected official to amplify the baseless conspiracy, and it took only three hours for him to get there.

A lot is still unknown about the insurrection. But at present, there is no evidence that there are members of antifa who were a part of this crowd. However, there is ample evidence that prominent Trump supporters and members of QAnon were present during the illegal takeover of the building.

Rick Saccone, a Republican former member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives who was defeated by Democratic Rep. Conor Lamb in 2018, posted a photo of himself on Facebook with the caption, “We are storming the capitol. Our vanguard has broken thru the barricades. We will save this nation. Are u with me?” Additionally, the Arizona Republic reported that Jake Angeli, a prominent local supporter of the QAnon conspiracy theory who has been “a fixture at Arizona right-wing political rallies,” was pictured prominently among the violent mob.

Moreover, as BuzzFeed News reported, Trump supporters had been “openly planning for weeks on both mainstream social media and the pro-Trump internet” to riot in DC. One message, which BuzzFeed reports was upvoted more than 500 times, simply read “Storm the Capitol.”

This attempt to scapegoat antifa is, on one hand, absurd. The entire sordid affair was livestreamed, photographed, and televised; the rioters themselves tweeted and posted online about it. On the other hand, it’s a page right out of the Trump playbook.

Trump and antifa, a hate story

As Vox’s Zack Beauchamp has reported, antifa is a “loose ideological label for a subset of left-wing radicals who believe in using street-level force to prevent the rise of what they see as fascist movements.” Trump has elevated them as a foil to right-wing violent actors like the Proud Boys, repeatedly claiming that there are bad actors on “both sides” of conflicts or using them to deflect blame when criticism falls on the most extreme members of his base.

Just yesterday, Trump tweeted that “Antifa is a Terrorist Organization, stay out of Washington. Law enforcement is watching you closely,” even as reports indicated that the pro-Trump mob could become violent.

When pro-Trump drivers attempted to run a Biden campaign bus off the road on November 1, Trump tweeted “in my opinion these patriots did nothing wrong” and instructed the FBI and the Justice Department to investigate antifa instead.

During the first presidential debate against Biden, Fox News moderator Chris Wallace asked Trump to condemn white supremacists. Instead of doing so, he named the far-right hate group the Proud Boys, telling them to “stand back and stand by,” and then quickly pivoted to saying, “But I would say almost everything I see is from the left wing, not from the right wing.”

It’s impossible to disprove a false-flag operation, and it’s the simplest way to give your supporters an excuse to continue supporting you. If the violent acts are committed by impostors, then you don’t have to feel bad about supporting your team. In fact, it could even be used to justify radical actions by your own team if they’re responding to radical behavior by the opposing side.

This must be another level of cognitive dissonance for Trump’s supporters: Prominent Republicans and right-wingers are photographed and recorded in broad daylight among the mob just minutes after Trump was onstage telling the soon-to-turn-violent crowd that the election had been stolen from them. But Trump has perfected this strategy, and, like a charm, this conspiracy theory is gaining serious traction.

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