One of the most remarkable features of President Donald Trump’s presidency has been the consistency of his approval ratings. It seemed that regardless of whatever he said or did, his approval would hover roughly around 40 percent, perhaps ticking up or down a few points depending on the news cycle.
But on his final day in office, it has become apparent that the actions Trump has taken in the final weeks of his presidency — from refusing to concede the election to whipping up supporters who stormed the US Capitol — have caused the president’s support to sink lower than it has at almost any other point.
In nearly every major poll, Trump’s approval rating has been found to be at its lowest ever. A Morning Consult/Politico poll taken from January 15 to 17 found it to be 39 percent; a Quinnipiac University poll taken during the same period found a 34 percent approval rating; and a Gallup poll, in the field from January 4 to 15, also found 34 percent approval.
The lowest rating, however, was recorded by the Pew Research Center. Taken in the immediate aftermath of the insurrection at the Capitol (January 8 to 12), it found only 29 percent of Americans approve of Trump’s job performance.
Overall, FiveThirtyEight’s weighted polling average puts Trump’s approval at 38.5 percent.
While individual polls record new lows for the president’s approval, FiveThirtyEight’s average is not the lowest it has ever been. This marker of support began to drop from nearly the moment he took office, eventually reaching 36.9 percent in August of 2017, following his response to the violent Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia. His average approval rating rebounded at the beginning of 2018, after the summer and fall defeats of attempts to undo Obamacare and the winter passage of a divisive tax cut plan. After that, his average rating rarely dropped below 40 percent.
And never has support for the president fallen so quickly. These results represent a marked drop in support for the president. And both the timing of the decline (it appears to have started on January 7, one day after the Capitol insurrection) as well as the responses pollsters collected, indicate that Trump’s role in inciting a violent mob, as well as his subsequent impeachment on January 13, led to new heights of disapproval from the public — including among some Republicans who had previously stood by him.
The erosion of Trump’s support is caused by Republicans
According to Gallup, Trump’s job rating “remained more stable than those of his predecessors; it never surpassed 45 percent or dipped below 36 percent.”
Some of that solidity came from the stability of his Republican base; although Trump never quite achieved the near-universal support among Republicans he claimed, he did regularly score in the mid-80s among Republicans.
Now, however, that has changed.
The Pew poll, for instance, shows a significant ebbing of Republican support: while Trump had 77 percent approval in Pew’s work among self-identified Republicans in August, he now has 60 percent approval with that group.
Other polls have similar findings. A CNN poll conducted by SSRS, taken between January 9 and 14, also found Trump to have the lowest approval rating of his presidency compared to previous CNN polls, with 34 percent of respondents approving of how Trump is handling his presidency. “Among his own partisans, Trump’s approval rating has dropped 14 points since October,” CNN’s analysis says.
Quinnipiac’s polling reveals a similar, albeit slightly less dramatic drop, of 7 percentage points from October to early January.
Given these results, questions of response bias may arise; political scientists have found that politicians’ supporters are more likely to shun participation in polls when things are going poorly for their favored politician. And with an election loss, impeachment, “inciting violence against the Government of the United States,” and legal troubles on the horizon, things are not going well for Trump.
That being said, most polls have documented a clear and sudden drop that hasn’t been seen at previous low points in Trump’s presidency. And this suggests that there is more to the decline than response bias alone can explain.
Trump is leaving office with far worse approval ratings than most of his predecessors
Trump’s approval rating puts him at about half the level of approval of his immediate predecessor, Barack Obama, during his final days in office.
According to CNN’s Manu Raju, Trump ranks below a great number of previous presidents (though not all) in approval ratings before leaving office.
Final Presidential Approval Ratings— Manu Raju (@mkraju) January 17, 2021
Before Leaving Office
Clinton, 2001 66%
Reagan, 1988 63%
Obama, 2017 60%
Eisenhower, 1960 59%
Bush, 1993 56%
Ford, 1976 53%
Johnson, 1969 49%
Carter, 1980 34%
Trump, now 34%
Truman, 1952 32%
FiveThirtyEight’s net approval poll tracker for Trump has seen the biggest drop ever recorded in recent days. They identify only two other moments where the drops were so precipitate: when Republicans began their efforts to repeal Obamacare, and when Trump, shortly after taking office, issued executive orders to initiate what came to be known as his “Muslim ban” and to build his wall along the US-Mexican border.
What may be most striking about Trump’s low ratings as he prepares to leave Washington is that historically, presidents experience a bump in approval ratings in their final days, according to FiveThirtyEight. Even George W. Bush saw his (deeply underwater) net approval rise 13 points between the 2008 election and Obama’s inauguration — and this was in an unpopular second term that saw the country descend into a financial crisis.
For a ratings-obsessed president who routinely exaggerated his approval numbers, Trump’s unambiguous unpopularity as he steps down would seem to be a failure even in his own terms.