President Donald Trump, who has been receiving treatment for the coronavirus at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center since Friday, released two photographs late Saturday meant to suggest that he is recuperating rapidly, but those images — which came following a peculiar press conference and mixed health assessments from White House staff — have been met with scrutiny, undercutting the message the president hoped to send.
In the first photo, Trump is dressed in a suit, seated at a round table inside the hospital’s designated presidential suite, appearing to review a document. In the other, he is dressed in a crisp white shirt, seated at the end of a long table inside a conference room, looking over folders of documents.
Both photos were taken by White House photographer Joyce N. Boghosian.
The photos began to draw criticism on social media shortly after their release, with many users pointing out that it is unclear what Trump is actually doing in the images. In the first, he appears to simply sign his name in the center of an otherwise blank piece of paper. In the second, the folders and a black binder appear to be empty.
Journalist Jon Ostrower seemed to suggest the photos were staged, reporting that data embedded in the image files showed they were taken just 10 minutes apart:
The photos released by the WH tonight of the president working at Walter Reed were taken 10 minutes apart at 5:25:59 pm and 5:35:40 pm ET Saturday, according to the EXIF data embedded in both @AP wire postings that were shared by the White House this evening. pic.twitter.com/EzeqIkGdf7— Jon Ostrower (@jonostrower) October 4, 2020
Questions over the images came amid confusion over the state of Trump’s health. The president delivered a brief address Saturday evening on Twitter, in which he spoke about his eagerness to get back to the campaign trail and his normal work schedule, telling the public, “I’ll be back, I think I’ll be back soon.”
October 3, 2020
And in brief remarks in front of Walter Reed on Saturday, White House physician Dr. Sean Conley said Trump’s medical team was “extremely happy” with Trump’s progression, while Trump surrogates on Sunday morning talk shows said the president is “doing well” and “feels very well.” Also on Sunday, Trump’s medical team said he may be discharged from Walter Reed as early as Monday.
But these positive assessments have been directly undercut by members of the president’s own staff.
White House Chief of Staff Mark Meadows said Saturday night on Fox News that both he and Conley had been “very concerned” by Trump’s condition Friday morning. Following Saturday’s press conference, an anonymous source widely reported to be Meadows told reporters Trump’s status remained “very concerning.”
“The next 48 hours will be critical in terms of his care,” the source said. “We’re still not on a clear path to a full recovery.”
Also on Saturday night, Conley said the president was “not yet out of the woods,” adding on Sunday at a press conference at Walter Reed that Trump’s blood oxygen levels dropped for a time on Saturday before eventually returning to normal. Conley declined to elaborate as to whether Trump needed supplemental oxygen to return his levels to normal, but did say that the president had been given dexamethasone, a steroid typically recommended for use in severe Covid-19 cases.
These statements would suggest that Trump may not be doing quite as well as he and some members of his team have said.
Adding to the confusion is the fact that Conley himself presented a new, contradictory timeline of Trump’s illness on Saturday, indicating he was diagnosed with the coronavirus a day and a half earlier than first reported and refusing to directly answer questions about whether Trump had received supplemental oxygen. Walter Reed physician Dr. Brian Garibaldi also suggested Trump had begun treatment for Covid-19 earlier than had been reported. The White House said later on Saturday that Conley misspoke, but the incident had already cast more doubt on the veracity of statements made by a White House known for lying.
These images were meant to provide evidence that despite the mixed messages, positive assessments could be trusted and the president was on the mend. But the missteps ultimately made them appear questionable, if not deceptive.
Trump has portrayed himself as a strong leader
Like all public figures, Trump has historically been image conscious. And his brand of leadership and campaigning tends to focus on projecting a sense of strength and forcefulness.
This was a central focus of his 2016 election campaign, as exemplified by one advertisement in which the Trump campaign portrayed then-opponent Hillary Clinton as sick and weak. Following footage of ISIS fighters and North Korean tanks, Clinton is shown coughing and tripping.
“Hillary Clinton doesn’t have the fortitude, strength, or stamina to lead in our world,” a narrator intones.
The tagline of that ad: “Donald Trump will protect you. He is the only one who can.”
Throughout the 2020 campaign, the Trump team has turned to this playbook again, attempting to portray opponent Joe Biden — who is three years older than the president — as old and feeble.
It may be for this reason that, since news about Trump’s confirmed Covid-19 case became public Thursday night, the president and his team have worked to continue promoting a vision of him as robust and healthy, rather than succumbing to an illness that can significantly weaken a person and cause them to struggle to breathe, stand, and walk.
For example, Ivanka Trump shared one of the disputed White House images on Twitter with the caption, “Nothing can stop him from working for the American people. RELENTLESS!”
Other members of Trump’s team are promoting a rosy vision of his health, too. On Fox News Sunday, Steve Cortes, a senior adviser on Trump’s reelection campaign, said Trump was “doing well” and is “upbeat.”
Trump has also shared messages on optimism on his Twitter account, writing on Saturday afternoon that he was “feeling well!”
He also expressed the importance of portraying an image of strength to his personal attorney and friend, former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, who said the president told him he was “going to beat this” and that he felt well enough to “go out and do a rally.”
Giuliani said Trump also told him that he has continued life as normal the last six months — — during a time when more than 209,000 Americans died of Covid-19, and lawmakers and citizens have continued to fight over taking basic precautionary measures — in order to be a model of fearlessness.
“I am the president of the United States. I can’t lock myself in a room,” Giuliani said Trump told him. “I had to confront [the virus] so the American people stopped being afraid of it so we could deal with it responsibly,” he said.
On Saturday, Conley highlighted the fact that Trump is in a high-risk category for a more severe Covid-19 reaction: He is above the age of 70, male (men appear to be more at risk than women), and overweight.
In the face of this risk, posed by an illness that has killed more than 1 million people worldwide in less than 10 months, Trump is unable to maintain complete control over his image. But as with so many things about this presidency, people looking at the photos and videos of his hospital stay will largely continue to see what they wish to see.