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Trump threatens to shut down the border for the 3rd time in 3 months

Closing it entirely would be a logistical nightmare and could spark an international trade dispute.

Former President Donald Trump stands, in a navy suit and red tie, hands spread wide, speaking into a microphone at a podium with his name on it and American flags behind him.
This isn’t the first time Trump has threatened to shut down the southern border.
Alex Wong/Getty Images

The federal government isn’t the only thing that President Donald Trump is fine with closing down over his pet-project border wall: He’s content with shuttering the entire southern border, too.

But the rub is that neither of his demands — either for $5 billion in border wall funding or for a shutdown of the ports of entry between the US and Mexico — are being taken very seriously.

There’s no plan in sight to fund the roughly 25 percent of the federal government that almost certainly will remain closed at least through the new year — when Democrats take over the House. And so the president tweeted on Friday that he’d be “forced” to shut down the US-Mexico border if Congress refuses to meet his demands.

He followed up with more threats to cut off foreign aid to countries in Central America, trying to stir up panic around a new migrant caravan en route to the US.

Trump finds himself this holiday season ensconced in the White House after canceling Christmas and New Years plans at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida with his wife, Melania. Barring a brief visit to American troops overseas, he’s spent the week actively spinning up other baseless assertions about border security on Twitter and criticizing congressional Democrats who have refused to meet his $5-billion ask.

Meanwhile, the halls at the Capitol are nearly dead silent, with congressional leaders barely pretending to try to reopen the departments of Justice, Interior, and Homeland Security and other agencies that remain unfunded.

Remember, Trump said repeatedly while on the campaign trail and also as president that Mexico would pay for the border wall. That obviously isn’t happening. But shutting down the border entirely over the president’s pet project would not only be a logistical mess, it would effectively spark an international trade issue over a domestic funding dispute.

Trump has threatened to shutter the southern border before. He’s yet to follow through.

It’s become a perennial occurrence for Trump to threaten a wholesale shutdown of the southern border. He did so in October in response to the caravan of migrants traveling on foot from Central America. And again over Thanksgiving he threatened the same (“the whole border … I mean, the whole border”) if Mexico didn’t step up security.

But his threats to shut down the border in its entirety never materialized. One reason for the lack of follow-through is that he has few options. As the Washington Post reports, the federal government can’t unilaterally block American citizens from entering the US. And though Trump has tried to block asylum-seekers from accessing ports of entry, a federal court has already batted down those restrictions.

Even if Trump wanted to use national security as a justification for the closures, the blockade could only be temporary, and would mostly affect commerce. And by some estimates, the plan could cost billions.

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has kept quiet about the impasse over US federal funding. But a wholesale shutdown would inevitably put the majority of pressure on the shoulders of border-state businesses and corporations. Mexico is the US’s third-largest trade partner; last year trade of goods and services between the two countries topped $615.9 billion.

It’s not just impractical — it’s also not a good negotiating position for a president who already faces an uphill battle in January, dealing with a divided government for the first time in his presidency.

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