The U.S. and the European Union today released the full text of a transatlantic data transfer agreement that was reached earlier this month, detailing new rules for American tech companies and intelligence agencies. The framework, known as the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, places tighter restrictions on how American intelligence agencies can access data on European citizens, and calls for the creation of an ombudsman to handle individual complaints of data misuse.
American and European officials agreed to the framework this month after a European court struck down the longstanding Safe Harbor agreement in October. Safe Harbor had been in place since 2000, but was invalidated amid concerns over mass surveillance in the U.S. European Union member states are expected to ratify the new agreement, though European data regulators have yet to approve it, and some privacy groups are planning to challenge it in court.
This article originally appeared on Recode.net.