On the latest episode of Recode Decode, hosted by Kara Swisher, U.S. Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker elaborated on a recent White House report that predicted both positive and negative consequences of the rise of artificial intelligence.
"Artificial intelligence is not a good or a bad thing," Pritzker said. "It could advance social goods. It could help you protect people. It can help to make our lives safer. On the other hand, it could supplant jobs. That’s a challenge that we face."
So, what can be done to minimize the number of jobs that will be impacted by AI and automation? And will some jobs be eliminated entirely?
"I think that, as the President said, we’re not going to put technology back in a box," Pritzker said. "What we need to do, I believe, to address this challenge, is about education and workforce training. We’ve got to continue to evolve, to be able to work with machinery."
She noted that there are currently 5.9 million jobs open in the U.S., and that they’re not being filled because America doesn’t yet have enough workers who have been trained in the needed skills. Nationwide, there’s currently a shortage of 200,000 cyber security workers, Pritzker said.
"I’m a believer in the human being, at the end of the day," she said. In 20 to 25 years, she added, jobs would entail "working in teams, and working with machinery and our digital tools. We have areas of massive under-investment in our country, [like] infrastructure. Machines aid our ability to do that, but they don’t do that work."
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This article originally appeared on Recode.net.