Everything you need to know about vaccines

18 Cards

CURATED BY German Lopez

2014-05-29 21:14:39 -0400

  1. What is a vaccine?
  2. How are vaccines made?
  3. What are vaccination rates in the United States?
  4. What happens when some people don’t get vaccinated?
  5. What diseases have vaccines eradicated?
  6. Are US children required to get vaccinated?
  7. What happens in areas where lots of people avoid vaccination requirements?
  8. Does the scientific community support vaccination?
  9. Do vaccines cause autism?
  10. Who opposes vaccination?
  11. What health risks are associated with vaccination?
  12. Are vaccines popular?
  13. Why do vaccine-treatable diseases still exist?
  14. Are there alternatives to vaccination?
  15. How do we get vaccines to poorer countries?
  16. You didn't answer my question!
  17. Where can I learn more about vaccines?
  18. How have these cards changed?
  1. Card 1 of 18

    What is a vaccine?

  2. Card 2 of 18

    How are vaccines made?

  3. Card 3 of 18

    What are vaccination rates in the United States?

  4. Card 4 of 18

    What happens when some people don’t get vaccinated?

  5. Card 5 of 18

    What diseases have vaccines eradicated?

  6. Card 6 of 18

    Are US children required to get vaccinated?

  7. Card 7 of 18

    What happens in areas where lots of people avoid vaccination requirements?

  8. Card 8 of 18

    Does the scientific community support vaccination?

  9. Card 9 of 18

    Do vaccines cause autism?

    The current scientific evidence does not show a link between vaccines and autism, but at least one prominent autism advocacy group supports further research into the issue.

    In a broad analysis of vaccines and their adverse effects, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded vaccines are not linked with autism or other serious medical problems, including type 1 diabetes. The study looked at vaccines for various diseases, including MMR (mumps, measles, and rubella), HPV, and hepatitis A, and found no serious side effects to be prevalent.

    The same IOM report did identify some other, less-serious side effects, such as fever and allergic reactions.

    IOM's findings aligned with previous research. One meta-analysis published in the Oxford Journals concluded vaccines and thimerosal, a mercury-containing compound found in some vaccines, do not cause autism. Another study published in Pediatrics found timely vaccination produced no adverse effects on neuropsychological outcomes 7-10 years after the vaccines were administered.

    The Lancet in 2010 also retracted a 1998 study that tied MMR vaccines to autism. The study received widespread criticism from the scientific community, and an independent regulator found the study seriously flawed. It was, however, circulated for years by anti-vaccine critics as proof of their claims.

    The organization Autism Speaks acknowledges the current scientific findings and recommends parents get their children vaccinated. But the group says the causes of autism — and any possible links to vaccination — deserve more study.

    The Autism Science Foundation dismisses any connection between vaccines and autism. ASF's leaders formed the organization after they split from Autism Speaks, in opposition to plans to fund more research into any potential links between autism and vaccination.

  10. Card 10 of 18

    Who opposes vaccination?

  11. Card 11 of 18

    What health risks are associated with vaccination?

  12. Card 12 of 18

    Are vaccines popular?

  13. Card 13 of 18

    Why do vaccine-treatable diseases still exist?

  14. Card 14 of 18

    Are there alternatives to vaccination?

  15. Card 15 of 18

    How do we get vaccines to poorer countries?

  16. Card 16 of 18

    You didn't answer my question!

  17. Card 17 of 18

    Where can I learn more about vaccines?

  18. Card 18 of 18

    How have these cards changed?

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