Everything you need to know about Israel-Palestine

25 Cards

CURATED BY Zack Beauchamp

2014-08-06 13:21:24 -0400

  1. What are Israel and Palestine? Why are they fighting?
  2. What is Zionism?
  3. How did Israel become a country in the first place?
  4. What is the Nakba?
  5. What is the West Bank?
  6. What is Jerusalem?
  7. What is Gaza?
  8. What are settlements and why are they such a big deal?
  9. What is the Palestinian Liberation Organization? How about Fatah and the Palestinian Authority?
  10. What is Hamas?
  11. What were the intifadas?
  12. How are Israel’s neighbors handling the conflict?
  13. What do Middle East countries that don’t border Israel think about the conflict?
  14. Why are the US and Israel so friendly?
  15. How does the world feel about Israel/Palestine?
  16. What is the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
  17. How do the current Israeli and Palestinian governments approach the conflict?
  18. How does the Palestinian unity deal affect the conflict?
  19. What are the “two-state solution” and the “one-state solution”?
  20. What is BDS?
  21. What happens if the peace process fails?
  22. Why did Israel and Hamas go to war in July 2014?
  23. You didn't answer my question!
  24. What else should I read on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?
  25. How have these cards changed?
  1. Card 1 of 25

    What are Israel and Palestine? Why are they fighting?

    Israel is the world's only Jewish state, located just east of the Mediterranean Sea. Palestinians, the Arab population that hails from the land Israel now controls, refer to the territory as Palestine, and want to establish a state by that name on all or part of the same land. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is over who gets what land and how it's controlled.

    Superior_ip_map

    Israel in red, Palestinian-majority territories in pink. Vardion

    Though both Jews and Arab Muslims date their claims to the land back a couple thousand years, the current political conflict began in the early 20th century. Jews fleeing persecution in Europe wanted to establish a national homeland in what was then an Arab- and Muslim-majority territory in the British Empire. The Arabs resisted, seeing the land as rightfully theirs. An early United Nations plan to give each group part of the land failed, and Israel and the surrounding Arab nations fought several wars over the territory. Today's lines largely reflect the outcomes of two of these wars, one waged in 1948 and another in 1967.

    The 1967 war is particularly important for today's conflict, as it left Israel in control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, two territories home to large Palestinian populations:

    Bbc_1967

    Note that, since 1967, Israel has returned Sinai to Egypt. BBC News

    Today, the West Bank is nominally controlled by the Palestinian Authority and is under Israeli occupation. This comes in the form of "settlers," Jews who build ever-expanding communities in the West Bank that effectively deny the land to Palestinians, and Israeli troops, who protect the settlers and enforce Israeli security restrictions on Palestinian movement. Gaza is controlled by Hamas, an Islamist fundamentalist party, and is under Israeli blockade but not ground troop occupation. The two Palestinian groups may have reconciled on April 23rd, creating one shared Palestinian government for the first time since 2007.

    The peace negotiations fell apart and, in July and August 2014, the conflict escalated to a full-on war between Israel and Hamas.

    The primary approach to solving the conflict today is a so-called "two-state solution" that would establish Palestine as an independent state in Gaza and most of the West Bank, leaving the rest of the land to Israel. Though the two-state plan is clear in theory, the two sides are still deeply divided over how to make it work in practice.

    The alternative to a two-state solution is a "one-state solution," wherein all of the land becomes either one big Israel or one big Palestine. Most observers think this would cause more problems than it would solve, but this outcome is becoming more likely over time for political and demographic reasons.

  2. Card 2 of 25

    What is Zionism?

  3. Card 3 of 25

    How did Israel become a country in the first place?

  4. Card 4 of 25

    What is the Nakba?

  5. Card 5 of 25

    What is the West Bank?

  6. Card 6 of 25

    What is Jerusalem?

  7. Card 7 of 25

    What is Gaza?

  8. Card 8 of 25

    What are settlements and why are they such a big deal?

  9. Card 9 of 25

    What is the Palestinian Liberation Organization? How about Fatah and the Palestinian Authority?

  10. Card 10 of 25

    What is Hamas?

  11. Card 11 of 25

    What were the intifadas?

  12. Card 12 of 25

    How are Israel’s neighbors handling the conflict?

  13. Card 13 of 25

    What do Middle East countries that don’t border Israel think about the conflict?

  14. Card 14 of 25

    Why are the US and Israel so friendly?

  15. Card 15 of 25

    How does the world feel about Israel/Palestine?

  16. Card 16 of 25

    What is the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?

  17. Card 17 of 25

    How do the current Israeli and Palestinian governments approach the conflict?

  18. Card 18 of 25

    How does the Palestinian unity deal affect the conflict?

  19. Card 19 of 25

    What are the “two-state solution” and the “one-state solution”?

  20. Card 20 of 25

    What is BDS?

  21. Card 21 of 25

    What happens if the peace process fails?

  22. Card 22 of 25

    Why did Israel and Hamas go to war in July 2014?

  23. Card 23 of 25

    You didn't answer my question!

  24. Card 24 of 25

    What else should I read on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

  25. Card 25 of 25

    How have these cards changed?

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