Everything you need to know about the child and family migrant crisis

14 Cards

CURATED BY Dara Lind

2014-10-10 14:01:51 -0400

  1. What is the child and family migrant crisis?
  2. Who are the Central American migrants coming into the US?
  3. Why are so many children and families coming to the US?
  4. Has the Obama administration's immigration policy encouraged children to come to the US illegally?
  5. What happens to children who are caught crossing into the US?
  6. What happens to families that get caught trying to enter the US?
  7. Are children who come into the US illegally eligible for legal status?
  8. How many children are ultimately able to stay legally in the US? How many get sent home?
  9. Why was the US so overwhelmed by the flood of child migrants in spring and summer 2014?
  10. What is the US government doing to deal with the children and families already here?
  11. What is the US government doing to prevent children and families from coming to begin with?
  12. Is the child migrant crisis over?
  13. How can I learn more on this subject?
  14. How have these cards changed?
  1. Card 1 of 14

    What is the child and family migrant crisis?

    Since 2011, hundreds of thousands of children have taken a journey like this one described by Mother Jones in 2013:

    Audelina Aguilar set off on the six-week journey along the migrant trail at 14, leaving her parents and nine younger siblings behind in the highlands of rural Guatemala. She rode atop Mexican freight trains, from Chiapas in the south to Tamaulipas in the north. She fought off a would-be rapist with the help of the only other woman in the group, who screamed, "She's a baby!" She walked through the South Texas wilderness for four days, trying to steer clear of the assailant, who was still with the group, and of the human remains they encountered along the way.

    Over the past few years, the US has seen a rapid increase in the number of unaccompanied children like Audelina crossing into the US illegally — most of them from Central America. In spring and summer 2014, the number of children reached a crisis point. During fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014), 68,541 unaccompanied children were apprehended at the US/Mexico border — a 77 percent increase over the previous year.

    At the same time, there was a rapid increase in the number of parents arriving with young children. In fact, nearly as many family units (68,445) were apprehended at the border in fiscal year 2013 than unaccompanied children — which is over three times as many families as were apprehended the previous year. Both of these influxes were concentrated in the Rio Grande Valley on the Texas/Mexico border.

    In July 2014, President Obama asked Congress for $3.7 billion in funding to deal with the children and families who had arrived — and warned that they'd run out of money to take care of the issue if no further funds were given. Congress wasn't able to pass a bill authorizing more money, or changing enforcement laws to make it easier to deport child migrants, before the August recess.

    In July and August 2014, the number of children arriving declined rapidly. While the Obama administration has refused to declare that the crisis is over, it's certainly in remission.

    Meanwhile, the federal government is putting thousands of migrant families who have arrived in detention, expediting their court hearings, and beginning to deport them.

  2. Card 2 of 14

    Who are the Central American migrants coming into the US?

  3. Card 3 of 14

    Why are so many children and families coming to the US?

  4. Card 4 of 14

    Has the Obama administration's immigration policy encouraged children to come to the US illegally?

  5. Card 5 of 14

    What happens to children who are caught crossing into the US?

  6. Card 6 of 14

    What happens to families that get caught trying to enter the US?

  7. Card 7 of 14

    Are children who come into the US illegally eligible for legal status?

  8. Card 8 of 14

    How many children are ultimately able to stay legally in the US? How many get sent home?

  9. Card 9 of 14

    Why was the US so overwhelmed by the flood of child migrants in spring and summer 2014?

  10. Card 10 of 14

    What is the US government doing to deal with the children and families already here?

  11. Card 11 of 14

    What is the US government doing to prevent children and families from coming to begin with?

  12. Card 12 of 14

    Is the child migrant crisis over?

  13. Card 13 of 14

    How can I learn more on this subject?

  14. Card 14 of 14

    How have these cards changed?

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