Sexual assault on campus

12 Cards

CURATED BY Libby Nelson

2014-05-07 14:13:33 -0400

  1. Colleges and schools are required to protect students from sexual assault under Title IX
  2. Most women who are sexually assaulted in college don't report it
  3. Sexual assault survivors say colleges often don't help them
  4. Why don't women report sexual assault to authorities?
  5. Colleges need less evidence than courts to find students guilty of sexual assault
  6. Sexual assault presents challenges for colleges as well
  7. More students are filing sexual assault complaints with the Education Department
  8. The Obama administration's plan to combat sexual assault on campus
  9. Obama, Biden and Hollywood stars focus on men in their sexual assault PSA
  10. The Education Department also gave colleges more guidance on what they should do
  11. 55 colleges are under Education Department investigation for how they deal with sexual assault
  12. How have these cards changed?
  1. Card 1 of 12

    Colleges and schools are required to protect students from sexual assault under Title IX

    Title IX is best known for the effect it had on women's athletics because it required that colleges provide equal opportunities in sports to men and women. After it took effect, female participation in college and high school sports more than quadrupled.

    But Title IX is more than that: passed in 1972 as part of a broader education law, it prohibits any discrimination in education based on sex. Schools and colleges that receive federal funding can't deny opportunities to students based on their gender.

    The Obama administration has used the statute to examine how colleges handle accusations of sexual assault. The Education Department sent a letter in 2011 reminding colleges of their responsibility to deal with allegations of sexual harassment and assault that they either know about or should reasonably know about. Since then, the department has opened investigations into more than 50 colleges for alleged mishandling of sexual assault on campus.

    Many of the allegations are at high-profile elite colleges:

    • At Yale, just one student found responsible for "nonconsensual sex" in the first half of 2013 was suspended; the rest were given written reprimands or no punishment at all, the Huffington Post reported.
    • At Brown, a student found responsible for sexual violence was suspended for a year, even though that meant he and his victim would be on campus at the same time after he returned.
    • When a freshman at St. Mary's College was sexually assaulted by a Notre Dame football player and reported the assault to Notre Dame campus police, the university didn't begin an investigation for more than two weeks. During the delay, the student killed herself.

    Colleges theoretically are at risk of losing their eligibility for federal money — a significant threat given the size of the federal student loan and grant programs — if they're found to be in violation of Title IX . But when the Education Department has found violations of Title IX in sexual assault cases, it has reached voluntary agreements with the colleges on remedying the situation. One agreement, at Tufts University, was revoked in April 2014.

    A low proportion of sexual assault victims report their experiences, meaning colleges have a hard time determining the scope of the problem. Sexual assault can have an impact on students' academic experiences, making them more likely to skip classes or drop out. It has many other long-term effects on survivors, including increased risk of depression, substance abuse, and self-harm.

  2. Card 2 of 12

    Most women who are sexually assaulted in college don't report it

  3. Card 3 of 12

    Sexual assault survivors say colleges often don't help them

  4. Card 4 of 12

    Why don't women report sexual assault to authorities?

  5. Card 5 of 12

    Colleges need less evidence than courts to find students guilty of sexual assault

  6. Card 6 of 12

    Sexual assault presents challenges for colleges as well

  7. Card 7 of 12

    More students are filing sexual assault complaints with the Education Department

  8. Card 8 of 12

    The Obama administration's plan to combat sexual assault on campus

  9. Card 9 of 12

    Obama, Biden and Hollywood stars focus on men in their sexual assault PSA

  10. Card 10 of 12

    The Education Department also gave colleges more guidance on what they should do

  11. Card 11 of 12

    55 colleges are under Education Department investigation for how they deal with sexual assault

  12. Card 12 of 12

    How have these cards changed?

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